They say in the Orient: "Every guest is sent by the Allah! It means that hospitality is not only the host's duty but also his sanctity.This tradition was born in the ancient times and has rooted in modern Turkmen lifestyle. People could not survive the hardships experienced in the desert without each other's support.They buried their dead in elaborate graves filled with fine jewelry, wheeled carts, and animal sacrifices. News of this lost civilization began leaking out in the 1970s, when archaeologists came to dig in the southern reaches of the Soviet Union and in Afghanistan.Their findings, which were published only in obscure Russian-language journals, described a culture with the tongue-twisting name Bactria-Margiana Archaeological Complex.Viktor Sarianidi, barefoot at dawn, surveys the treeless landscape from a battered lawn chair in the Kara-Kum desert of Turkmenistan.
The father as the family head has the right to evaluate his children's behavior and is obliged to protect them.Turkmenistan, which gained independence in 1991, was unable to avoid this.Indpendence came at a time of complex processes, followed by the collapse of the Soviet Union and the end of the Cold War.To water their orchards and fields, they dug lengthy canals to channel glacier-fed rivers that were impervious to drought.They traded with distant cities for ivory, gold, and silver, creating what may have been the first commercial link between the East and the West.